Oscar Wilde

Oscar Wilde

Playwright


Biography


Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish author, playwright and poet. After writing in different forms throughout the 1880s, he became one of London's most popular playwrights in the early 1890s. He is remembered for his epigrams, his novel The Picture of Dorian Gray, his plays, as well as the circumstances of his imprisonment and early death.

Wilde's parents were successful Anglo-Irish Dublin intellectuals. Their son became fluent in French and German early in life. At university, Wilde read Greats; he proved himself to be an outstanding classicist, first at Dublin, then at Oxford. He became known for his involvement in the rising philosophy of aestheticism, led by two of his tutors, Walter Pater and John Ruskin. After university, Wilde moved to London into fashionable cultural and social circles. As a spokesman for aestheticism, he tried his hand at various literary activities: he published a book of poems, lectured in the United States and Canada on the new "English Renaissance in Art", and then returned to London where he worked prolifically as a journalist. Known for his biting wit, flamboyant dress and glittering conversation, Wilde became one of the best-known personalities of his day.


Shows by Oscar Wilde

Title
Synopsis

At a distinguished dinner party in Grosvenor Square, London, we meet Sir Robert Chiltern, a wealthy member of the House of Commons; his wife, Lady Chiltern; his sister, Mabel Chiltern; and Sir Robert’s charming bachelor frie... read more

Oscar Wilde’s brilliantly clever comedic masterpiece, The Importance of Being Earnest, was once called by critic W.H. Auden, “the only pure verbal opera in English.” Earnest tells the story of two young gentlemen in London,... read more

Lady Windermere’s Fan is one of Oscar Wilde’s most witty and uncompromisingly satirical plays. It examines the gender politics within marriage and society, and the ambiguous idea of sexual morality among the upper classes. Un... read more

Salome is Oscar Wilde’s twist on the biblical story of Herod, Herodias, and Salome. The story tells of a lovely young girl Salome, her step-father Herod’s obsession with her, and Salome’s infatuation with the prophet John the... read more

A Woman of No Importance satirizes upper-class English society at the end of the nineteenth century. It takes place, for the most part, in the homes of the rich and powerful, where Lord, Ladies, and Archdeacons socialize and... read more

Overview

Nationality
Irish
Born
10/16/1854
Died
11/30/1900
Show Categories
Play, Opera
Genres
Drama, Comedy, Farce, Romance, Parody