Oscar Hammerstein II

Oscar Hammerstein II

Librettist, Composer, Lyricist


Biography


Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II (/ˈhæmərstaɪn/; July 12, 1895 – August 23, 1960) was an American librettist, theatrical producer, and (usually uncredited) theatre director of musicals for almost forty years. Hammerstein won eight Tony Awards and two Academy Awards for Best Original Song. Many of his songs are standard repertoire for singers and jazz musicians. He co-wrote 850 songs. Hammerstein was the lyricist and playwright in his partnerships; his collaborators wrote the music. Hammerstein collaborated with composers Jerome Kern, Vincent Youmans, Rudolf Friml, Richard A. Whiting and Sigmund Romberg; but his most famous collaborations, by far, were with Richard Rodgers, and included The Sound of Music.


Shows by Oscar Hammerstein II

Title
Synopsis

The show chronicles nearly four decades in the life of an average American, Joseph Taylor, Jr., from cradle through a mid-life crisis and the knowledge of his wife's infidelity. Soon, however, he discovers who he is and the m... read more

In a Southern town during World War II, parachute maker Carmen Jones successfully seduces a soldier named Joe away from his fiancé. Soon, Carmen loses interest in Joe when she meets Husky Miller, a successful prize fighter... read more

Richard Rodgers once wrote that of all the musicals he wrote, Carousel was his personal favorite. This iconic American classic features some of the most powerful music ever written for the stage, including “If I Loved You”,... read more

Rodgers and Hammerstein’s enchanting adaptation of the timeless fairytale, Cinderella, was their only musical originally composed for television. When the television program, starring Julie Andrews as Cinderella, first aired... read more

The plot concerns a dashing rebel leader whose band of freedom fighters, the Riff, threaten the safety of a French outpost in the Moroccan desert. In reality, the Shadow is Pierre, unassuming son of French General Birabeau. M... read more

Set in the late 1950s, Rodgers and Hammerstein's Flower Drum Song centers on naive immigrant, Mei-Li, who arrives in San Francisco's Chinatown, after fleeing communist China. The young refugee is befriended by Wang, who is st... read more

Rodgers and Hammerstein’s The King and I is a moving, radiant story of East meets West. It is the early 1860s when newly widowed Anna Leonowens and her son, Louis, set sail from their native England for Bangkok, Siam . Anna,... read more

‘Me and Juliet’ revolves around the inner mechanisms of a Broadway musical and two sets of lovers. The show-within-the-show is also titled "Me and Juliet" and stars famous literary heroes and heroines: Juliet, Don Juan, and C... read more

‘Me and Juliet’ revolves around the inner mechanisms of a Broadway musical and two sets of lovers. The show-within-the-show is also titled "Me and Juliet" and stars famous literary heroes and heroines: Juliet, Don Juan, and C... read more

Taking place in Bavaria, the show concerns Sieglinde, the daughter of a music teacher, and her lover Karl, the local schoolmaster. Karl and Sieglinde travel to Munich in order to try to get a song written by Walther and Karl... read more

The first collaboration of famed partners Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, Oklahoma set the American musical theatre standard. Set in Western Indian Territory just after the turn of the 20th Century, the spirited riv... read more

"Pipe Dream" is a tale of hard times and star-crossed love on Cannery Row. The musical is populated with longshoremen and "ladies of the evening", who weave a poignant story of the friendship and romance that blossoms among t... read more

Taking place in the Canadian Rockies, ‘Rose Marie’ concerns the mysterious murder of Black Eagle, a villainous half-breed. The likely suspect is the wild and hard-drinking Jim Kenyon. However, after falling love with Rose Mar... read more

Taking place over fifty years, Show Boat tells the story of a family of performers living on a show boat, and their struggles with gambling, race, infidelity, and poverty. In the beginning of the show, Captain Andy runs extr... read more

The final collaboration between Richard Rodgers & Oscar Hammerstein II, The Sound of Music, has become a play beloved around the world. Based on the true story of the Von Trapp Family Singers, this play captures a personal t... read more

Set against the dramatic background of an idyllic South Pacific island during WWII, Rodgers and Hammerstein’s South Pacific intertwines the themes of romance, duty, and prejudice to create a story that is all at once hilariou... read more

Originally based on Phil Strong’s novel of the same name, Rodgers and Hammerstein’s State Fair was the only musical they wrote directly for feature film. In 1995, this romantic story set in America’s heartland was adapted fo... read more

‘Sunny’ is a love story focusing on three couples. Sunny is trying to escape a forced marriage with Mr. Wendell-Wendell and stows away on a ship heading to New York. On the ship, Tom is traveling with his fiancée Marcia. Real... read more

Overview

Nationality
USA
Born
7/25/1895
Died
8/23/1960
Show Categories
Musical
Genres
Drama, Romance, Comedy, Fairy Tale/Fantasy, Dark Comedy, Historical/Biographical

Clips