Writers: Zeami Motokiyo


Show Information

Number of Acts
First Produced
Period, Simple/No Set
Time & Place
Japan, village, 1100s
Cast Size
Orchestra Size
Musical Staging
Ideal for
All-Male Cast, College/University, Professional Theatre, Regional Theatre, Star Vehicle Male, Small Cast, Ensemble Cast, Community Theatre, Diverse Cast
Casting Notes
Mostly male cast
Includes young adult, adult characters


One of the most famous stories in Noh drama, Atsumori recounts the story of a young warrior and flute player killed in a battle between the Heike and Genji in the late 12th century. The priest Rensho, formerly the warrior Kamagae, wanders the countryside, seeking forgiveness and peace. He killed Atsumori, at the time believing it was merciful as approaching soldiers would have tortured the young soldier. But now, he is returning to the site of the battle so that he can finally pray for Atsumori’s soul and they may both have peace. At the village, Rensho meets grasscutters, and is emotionally and spiritually moved by their flute music. He is finally able to confront the ghost of Atsumori. Guided by the chorus’ music, the ghost relives his final battle and death, and finds peace and Enlightenment with Rensho, where they will be reborn on the same lotus petal.

Like many noh plays, Atsumori privileges mood over plot. Zeami creates yugen (mysterious beauty) through the poetic songs in order to reveal the truths of balance, Buddhism, and Enlightenment. The play’s staging is traditional, using slow and choreographed movements to the music of the orchestra, the same as it has been for centuries. In traditional noh dramas, the chorus is present onstage for the whole play, and featured characters might step forward from the chorus before sitting down again. There are three character types in noh plays: the shite is the central figure, much like the protagonist in western theatre; the waki is a supporting character, a foil to the shite who helps him pursue Enlightenment; and the kyogen, a “clown” who helps provide important exposition and leads the interlude between the two acts.

Lead Characters

Atsumori guide sections