Johan August Strindberg was a Swedish playwright, novelist, poet, essayist and painter. He combined psychology and Naturalism in a new kind of European drama that evolved into Expressionist drama. Strindberg was a prolific writer who often drew directly on his personal experience. His career spanned four decades, during which time he wrote over 60 plays and more than 30 works of fiction, autobiography, history, cultural analysis, and politics. His chief works include The Father (1887), Miss Julie (1888), Creditors (1888), A Dream Play (1902), and The Ghost Sonata (1907). Strindberg is considered the "father" of modern Swedish literature and The Red Room (1879) has frequently been described as the first modern Swedish novel.
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