Best known for his play The Playboy of the Western World, John Millington Synge was a central figure in the Irish Literary Revival. He was a co-founder of the Abbey Theatre in Dublin and worked closely with figures such as William Butler Yeats and Lady Gregory to promote images of Irish peasantry and folklore. The Playboy of the Western World led to riots in the streets of Dublin at its premiere because of its problematic portrayal of the Irish peasantry. At only 38 years old, Synge developed Hodgkin's disease and died as he was finishing his final play, Dierdre of the Sorrows.
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