The action takes place in the year 1730, in Paris. Adriana Lecouvreur, an actress at the Comédie-Française, is in love with Maurizio, the Count of Saxony. However, he cannot decide if he loves Adriana or the Principessa for much of the opera. The show centers on the rivalry between Adriana and the Princesse de Bouillon as they fight for Maurizio's love. Meanwhile, Michonnet, the stage manager at the Comédie-Française is also in love with Adriana.