Tennessee Williams began writing Summer and Smoke in 1945 and finished it three years later in 1948. The play was originally titled Chart of Anatomy, but the title was changed most likely in reference to the line from the Hart Crane poem “Emblems of Conduct.”
"The wanderer later chose this spot of rest
Where marble clouds support the sea
And where was finally borne a chosen hero.
By that time summer and smoke were past."
The show first opened for a run in Dallas, then on Broadway on October 6, 1948 at the Music Box Theatre. The original run was not a huge success, especially in