Riders to the Sea


Writers: John Millington Synge


Show Information

Number of Acts
First Produced
Unit/Single Set
Time & Place
Inishmaan, Aran Islands, Ireland, 1900
Cast Size
Orchestra Size
Ideal for
College/University, Community Theatre, Mature Audiences, Mostly Female Cast, Professional Theatre, Regional Theatre, Small Cast
Casting Notes
Mostly female cast
Includes mature adult, elderly, young adult, adult, early teen, late teen, child characters


Set on the remote island of Inishmaan, Synge’s intensely tragic play Riders to the Sea tells the story of an Irish family living at the mercy of the sea. Before the opera starts, Maurya has lost her husband, his father, and five of their sons to the sea. One son is still missing and the family is awaiting news of any remains being washed up on the shore. The priest has given Nora, the younger sister, some clothing which was taken off a drowned man, and asked her to find out if they belong to Michael. She and her sister Cathleen put the things away hurriedly as their mother, Maurya wakes up; they don’t want to worry her.

Bartley rushes in making preparations to leave, and his mother begs him not to leave, cursing and scolding him for going. He has to take the horses to the fair, and he cannot miss this boat. At Cathleen’s insistence, Maurya follows him a short while after, with the intention of giving him her blessing instead of leaving him with a ‘dark word’. When she returns she is distraught and almost in a trance. She has seen the ghost of her missing son, Michael, riding on the pony behind Bartley. For Maurya, this is a sign that her last remaining son will be lost to the sea. As she lists the children she has lost to the sea, the sound of keening confirms her vision. Bartley’s body is brought in and Maurya prays for Bartleys soul as a bleak calm settles over her.

Noted for its use of the particular Irish dialect of the Aran Islands, Synge’s play has been treated to many retellings, including being set to music by Vaughan-Williams, in his opera of the same name, where the rhythmic musicality of the language is preserved and heightened by a thrilling score, where the surging and rushing of the violent sea and the chilling wind can also be heard.

Lead Characters

Riders to the Sea guide sections